How measuring success is key to reablement implementation | KeepAble
At the very core of embedding a culture of Wellness and Reablement is a shift for organisations in how they measure success.  

Commonwealth Home Support Programme (CHSP) contracts are established on the number of hours of service against a service type. Service providers are required to record and report these hours to the funder on a regular basis via the Data Exchange program (DEX). Prior to Wellness and Reablement becoming the underpinning focus of the CHSP programme,  just the meeting of contractual outputs alone was celebrated and recorded as a success. But to measure the programme’s objective of maximising independence, enhancing wellbeing, and quality of life there is a need to determine the impact the support provided has had on the client. This is known as measuring client outcomes.  

We have put together some key information, activities, points to consider, and links to outcome tools, that we think will assist you to get started or build on your current outcome measurement process.  

What are Outcome Measurements for short term Reablement focused support?  

Outcomes are measured by using a combination of both the following: 

For each individual, success will look different and is: 

Output data (the hours of support provided) can be analysed and provides a record of the client’s service delivery journey. Within the context of short-term support, this data can be used to measure the increase or decrease of support being provided against a service type.

A decrease or cessation of support may indicate the client’s success in achieving their goal/s. This also demonstrates a success for the organisation suggesting that staff have followed the goal-orientated plan and used an enabling approach to assist the client to achieve their goal. 

Another variable within the Output data is the length of time a client was receiving support, was the support ceased and why; or was the support at the same level; or was there a decrease/increase and why?

Elderly man going through a reablement program

There are numerous factors to consider when measuring the impact and to what extent support being provided has had on the individual client, below are some examples: 

For CHSP providers the implications of implementing a tool/s that collects all the above factors could be daunting and have an impact on the organisation’s resources and importantly the client who would have to respond to lengthy questionnaires, which could be intrusive. In addition, on an individual basis, some of the above factors would often not be relevant to the support the person requires to achieve their goal/s.  

Ways to measure and capture Outcomes of CHSP support

There are many measurement tools that can be utilised to measure outcomes for clients who are or have been in receipt of CHSP support. The decision of whether to use a validated tool, such as the Goal Attainment Scale or the tools detailed by Macquarie University in their 2017 study below, as opposed to a simple questionnaire (as shown in Points 1 and 2 below) or a range of tools, is up to individual organisations and ideally should take into consideration the following: 

No matter what decision is made, about the processes and tool/s to be used for measuring outcomes, a baseline measurement (or starting point) is essential prior to the commencement of support to enable the progress or lack of to be quantified. Therefore, it would seem reasonable to conduct the baseline measurement at the initial meeting with the client when support planning commences.  

Some examples of how to measure client outcomes

If you are looking for a simple questionnaire to get you started, then consider developing a couple of questions as per our example in points 1 and 2.  

1. Develop a couple of questions relating to the client’s level of independence and social connections, use a Likert Scale to measure the outcome. 

For Example: 

A. How satisfied are you with your current level of independence? 

Very Dissatisfied Dissatisfied Neutral Satisfied Very Satisfied 

B. How satisfied are you with your current involvement in social activities and interests? 

Very Dissatisfied Dissatisfied Neutral Satisfied Very Satisfied 
Support worker and client reviewing support plan

2. Develop a short simple questionnaire tailoring the questions to more generic topics relating to quality of the client’s life and use a Likert Scale (as above) to measure the outcome. 

For Example: 

A. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole?  
B. How satisfied are you with your standard of living? 
C. How satisfied are you with your health? 
D. How satisfied are you with what you are currently achieving in life? 
E. How satisfied are you with your personal relationships? 

3. Data Exchange (DEX)  

Did you know DEX has the capability to measure client outcomes through SCORE (Standard Client/Community Outcomes Reporting)? 

Commonwealth Home Support Programme (CHSP) providers are required to report individual client demographics and service outputs via the Data Exchange. Whilst not a condition of a service provider contract, those organisations that opt-in DEX also has the capacity to record and report on client outcomes through SCORE. It allows organisations to measure client and or community outcomes using their own self-selected tools and methods. 

SCORE- Individual Clients   

There are three elements of client outcomes measured through SCORE which can assist in telling the story of the client’s achievements, they are: 

SCORE uses a five-star rating scale and provides a consistent way to translate outcomes into a quantified SCORE.  

The Australian Government has produced a document to assist providers to use SCORE with clients. This document can be accessed by clicking here. 

4. The LifeCurve™ – ADL SmartCare Ltd

If you are looking for something more visual showing progress against activities of daily living then you might like to consider using the LifeCurve graph described below. You will find more information about the LifeCurve in the 2020- 2022 CHSP Manual (2.2.1) and in the Australian Government Department of Health 2020 resource – Tool kit for embedding wellness and reablement into your organisation.

The evidence-based LifeCurvewas developed to illustrate how a person’s decline is matched against activities of daily living and how the rate and time frame of any decline can be positively impacted by behaviour and intervention (such as reablement strategies). Difficulty cutting toenails is typically seen as an early indicator that a reablement type intervention may be needed and indicates how individuals can decline from the point of difficulty in cutting toenails to difficulty shopping, using steps, walking, doing heavy housework and so on, unless affirmative action is taken to regain function and capacity such as a change in behaviour, or access to a reablement programme.

about-the-lifecurve

Using the above framework to track a client’s progress when working towards improving their independence with their daily activities, provides a visual account of the progress a client may make when short-term reablement focused support is being provided. Measuring client outcomes using such a visual method could also potentially provide motivation for the client as they view their progress on the scale which uses very relevant activities to where the client is at and where they wish to be.  
Example 
Below is an example of a clients’ outcome measured on the LifeCurve scale – There was a dramatic improvement in mood, confidence, and mobility of the client on a reablement programme over a 4-week period and following a routine of regular exercise. Supports were reduced by 83%.  

Example LifeCurve

There are many reliable and validated tools that could measure wellness and reablement outcomes for your clients. It is important that staff are competent in the use of the tools and that they are accredited (if required), and that the tools are implemented in accordance with instructions. 

5. Goal Attainment Scale (GAS)

An example of a validated tool, which is widely used in restorative or rehabilitation settings is GAS (Goal Attainment Scale). This tool provides a method of scoring the extent to which a client’s individual goals are achieved and is stored in a standardised way. GAS promotes the individualisation of goal setting and can be adapted for any client no matter what their abilities. There is an option for the staff member working with the client to identify expected levels of achievement for each of the five levels, therefore, the individual’s current abilities and expected outcomes can be considered.  

Level of Expected OutcomeRating
MUCH MORE than EXPECTED +2 
MORE than EXPECTED  +1 
EXPECTED Outcome 
LESS than EXPECTED  -1
MUCH LESS than EXPECTED -2

Click the document for more information and resources on GAS

Kings College London Goal Attainment Scaling

6. And there’s more

Below are links to sites that contain additional information that you may find helpful on client outcome measurement.

The Australian Centre on Quality of Life (ACQol) was established to study evidence-based measures for quality of life. The centre is committed to enhancing the scientific understanding of the quality of life and subjective wellbeing. Click on the image to visit their site.

The Australian Centre on Quality of Life website

Review of Tools and methods used to measure the impact of Wellness and Reablement 

In 2017 Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia undertook a review of the various tools and methods used worldwide to measure the impact of Wellness and Reablement.  

Their review determined that the tools used to assess and measure outcomes of wellness and reablement covered the key domains of: 

  • Functional and health outcomes  
  • Quality of life outcomes 
  • Goal setting 

and that the core components of any tool used needed to include: 

  • Pre and post measures (assessment and re-assessment)  
  • Capture ADL and IADL  
  • Capture wellbeing and Quality of Life
  • Capture clients’ goals and develop a goal or outcome oriented care plan based on needs identified.
  • Capture demographic data (personal circumstances change) 

For more information on the study and to see what tools were identified as being used within the context of wellness and reablement, click on the document. 

Maquarie-Uni-Tools-and-methods

Acknowledgments 

Wellness and Reablement in Aged Care NSW Health Guidelines  2021
LifeCurve  ADL Smartcare. 2020.

If you have any questions relating to measuring client outcomes, or your organisation is currently using a client outcome measurement tool, why not share with our KeepAble community by completing our Contact Us/Feedback form below: 

Contact us with questions, comments or feedback

Healthy Ageing and the Wellness and Reablement Approach

CTA Example

Count me in. Contribute your story or register to stay informed.

Get involved with the ongoing evolution of KeepAble and contribute examples of how you have used KeepAble resources and client success stories by registering here.
Register now